There are plenty of diseases and conditions that may affect the mouth and gums. While cavities, tooth decay, and damaged teeth may be serious oral issues requiring attention, many people disregard gum disease’s severity. If you have seen blood in your sink when you brush your teeth, that may be a telltale sign of gum disease.
The mildest version of gum disease, also known as gingivitis, infects the gums and may cause them to be red and swollen. However, if gum disease is untreated at this stage, the infection may spread under the gums and get into the underlying bone. This more severe form of gum disease is called periodontitis.
It may be challenging to treat this more advanced stage of gum disease. That is why it is crucial to fight gum disease before it gets serious. Your best bet in defeating gum disease is early detection. Knowing how to spot it is the best way of stopping it dead in its tracks.
How To Spot Gum Disease
The key to effectively stopping gum disease is to get to it while it is in its early stages. Knowing the symptoms to look out for will help you spot gingivitis. Here are the signs you should be watching to see.
1 – Red And Swollen Gums
The most common sign of gum disease is red and swollen gums. Healthy gums should be a light shade of pink. However, if there is an underlying infection, their colour could change to red. Gingivitis may also cause the gums to swell slightly, and they may turn white if pressure is put on them.
2 – Bad Breath
Another sign of gum disease is bad breath. The cause of this smell may come from the bacteria that is feasting on the plaque. The sticky substance may be stuck on the surface of teeth and the gumline.
3 – Tooth Sensitivity
You may also find that your teeth are sensitive to hot and cold beverages. The reason for this is that gum disease causes shrinking gums. An enamel layer does not protect the parts of teeth that are supposed to remain under the gums. These are the teeth that are sensitive to extreme temperatures.
4 – Wiggly Teeth
If you have teeth that are seemingly on the verge of falling out, this may also be the sign of gum disease. As the infection spreads to the underlying bone, it may weaken the bones that are meant to hold teeth in place.
Luckily, there are treatment methods that can help fight gum disease. First of all, practising the proper oral care routine will eliminate plaque and prevent it from building up in your mouth. ]
Also, regular visits to your dentist and having a deep cleaning treatment for your teeth and gums will eradicate the bacteria that cause gum disease. For extreme cases, patients may undergo gum grafting surgery to replace receding gums affected by gum disease.
In a nutshell, the key to fighting gum disease is practising prevention techniques. Ensuring that your mouth is clean and free from bacteria will ensure that gum disease doesn’t have a chance to develop.
Keep gum disease at bay by finding a reliable dentist!